A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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Adaptation

The process of which learned motor patterns are changed or modified to a certain environment.                   

Adaptive Behaviour The internal or external process of copying with changes in an environment.
Adaptive Mechanism Learned behaviours and responses, which assist in coping with different environments.
Adductor Tendonitis Localised pain over the tendons of the adductors. It commonly occurs in athletes (current attention is turned to footballers more so) and horse riders.
Adipose Tissue Specialized connective tissue that functions as a major storage for fat (fat stored in the form of triglycerides). There are two types, white and brown.
Agonist The activated or contracting muscle opposed by the antagonist.
Alimentary The digestive tract stemming from the mouth to the anus.
Anabolic Steroid In Australia classed as an illegal performance enhancing drug. It is derived from the male sex hormone, testosterone. Used mainly to increase strength, power, hypertrophy. Can be administered orally or through injection.
Anabolism Chemical reaction where simple or small molecules are built into more larger complex ones.
Analgesia Pain relief through medication modalities whether it be conventional medication (paracetamol), more physical like ultrasound or alternate practices such as acupuncture.
Aneurysm Dilation or eruption of a blood vessel
Annulus Fibrosis This consists of the outer or peripheral portion of the invertebrael disc. It consist of collagen fibers arranged in a complex pattern. The posterior part of the disc is weakest due to the thinner fibers of the collagen lamellae.
Anorexia Nervosa A mental illness which is characterised by a refusal to eat, uncontrolled and rapid weight loss. This may continue until the individual is grossly thin, and in mind set they still believe they are fat.
Anoxemia (Hypoxemia) Oxygen levels in the body tissue are below normal physiological levels.
Antagonist The muscle that opposes the function of another muscle.
Anthropometric 
Measurements
Measurements of the body encompassing body size (girth measurements) and body composition (skin folds, height & weight).
Aortic Reflex A negative feedback system involving barorecpetors. It helps govern general systemic blood pressure.
Aponeurosis

This is a sheet or flat ribbon-like structure associated with tendinous attachments of muscle. It is comprised of dense collagen fibers.

Arginine Arginine stimulates the pituitary to secrete Human Growth Hormone (hGH). It is also involved in the metabolism of ammonia and nitrogen transport. Has also been found to improve immune system responses to bacteria. Also assist in regeneration of the liver. Found in meats, dairy – highest inchocolate grains and nuts.

Articular Capsule

The articular capsule is a thin loose sac that completely encircles a joint. The weakest part of this sac is the inferior region. The capsule aids in joint stability especially at end ranges of motion.

Asthma A respiratory disorder which is induced by the inflammation of the bronchi, causing wheezing and breathing difficulties.
Athletic significance 
of minerals

Minerals are needed for normal metabolism, growth, & maintenance of the body. Adequate mineral intake is essential for performance and health. Most athletes’ diets are deficient in one or several minerals. Optimum mineral intake is best attained from a combination of food and supplements.

Atrophy                         

Decrease in size or wasting away of muscle due to a catabolic state.

 

 

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